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Advantages of additive manufacturing in research and development phase

Advantages of additive manufacturing in research and development phase

What Is Additive Manufacturing?

In general, the most commonly used term is “3D printing”. But the industrial world chooses to use the term “additive manufacturing”, from the English “direct manufacturing”.

Additive manufacturing can cover all the various techniques that can be applied to various materials. The manufacturing is done by adding, layer by layer, of material, thus allowing it to pass from the virtual part to the manufactured part.

Advantages of additive manufacturing in research and development phase

• Rapid Prototyping:

Additive Manufacturing (AM) significantly enhances the prototyping process by enabling rapid and cost-effective production of prototypes. This technology allows for faster iterations during the design phase, enabling quick testing of various projects and concepts. As a result, improvements can be promptly implemented, significantly reducing the time required to develop the final product.

– Accelerates prototype production
– Enables quick design iterations
– Reduces development time

• Design Flexibility:

Unlike traditional manufacturing, Additive Manufacturing (AM) offers greater design freedom. Complex geometries and customized components can be easily produced, leading to innovative designs and improved product performance.

– Allows for complex geometries
– Facilitates innovative designs
– Enhances product performance

• Cost Efficiency:

Additive Manufacturing (AM) significantly lowers production costs by eliminating the need for complex tooling and minimizing material waste. Unlike traditional prototyping methods, which can be expensive due to the requirement for tools or molds, AM provides a more cost-effective alternative.

– Eliminates need for complex tooling
– Minimizes material waste
– Reduces production costs

• Shortened Lead Times:

Additive Manufacturing (AM) drastically reduces lead times by enabling the rapid creation of prototypes and functional parts. What once took an 9 week production process can now be accomplished in just a few days, showcasing AM’s transformative impact on production efficiency.

– Speeds up prototype and part creation
– Cuts production process from weeks to days
– Increases production efficiency

• Customization:

Researchers can tailor components to meet specific requirements, resulting in better-fit solutions for a wide range of applications. This customization capability ensures that the final products are more precisely aligned with their intended functions and performance criteria.

– Tailor’s components to specific needs
– Ensures better fit solutions
– Aligns products with performance criteria

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Rubber-Like Resin

Rubber-like resin has a low tensile modulus and high elongation at break, making it well-suited for objects that will be bent or compressed.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): –
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 7.9
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): –
  • Elongation(%): 255.1
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): –
  • Hardness Shore D: 60-75

ESD-safe (Electrostatic discharge)

It exhibits excellent antistatic performance, making it particularly suitable for fields that require ESD protection.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.08-1.11
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 35-37
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 1300-1500
  • Elongation(%): 5-7
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 98
  • Surface Resistance: 107 and 109 ohms Ω

ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)

ABS is a lightweight material known for its high impact resistance. These characteristics, coupled with a high heat deflection temperature, render ABS suitable for a wide range of applications and environments.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.06
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 40
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 1203
  • Elongation(%): 30
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 73
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PETG (Polyethylene terephthalate glycol)

PETG is a robust material known for its odor neutrality and ease of printing. These characteristics, combined with high impact strength, flexibility, low shrinkage, water resistance, chemical resistance, and high toughness, make PETG an excellent choice for a variety of applications.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: NO
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.27
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 52
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 1073
  • Elongation(%): 83
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 64
  • Hardness Shore D: –

TPU (Thermoplastic polyurethane)

TPU material is renowned for its excellent flexibility, high elasticity, tear resistance, wear resistance, cut resistance, sturdiness, and durability.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: NO
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.21
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 35
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): –
  • Elongation(%): ≥800
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): –
  • Hardness Shore D: 95A

Nylon / PA (Polyamide)

Nylon is a versatile material known for its good flexibility, wear resistance, and high strength-to-weight ratio. PA12, in particular, exhibits high toughness and impact resistance.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.21
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 50
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 659
  • Elongation(%): 165
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 100
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PC (Polycarbonates)

PC is a high-performance material known for its toughness, heat resistance, dimensional stability, and high optical clarity. It exhibits excellent mechanical properties, high toughness, and impact resistance, making it stable and durable. Additionally, PC offers impressive temperature resistance, with a heat distortion temperature up to 80 ℃.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.21
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 54
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 1073
  • Elongation(%): 150
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 80
  • Hardness Shore D: –

ASA (Acrylonitrile styrene acrylate)

ASA shares excellent mechanical properties with ABS but offers additional benefits. It is more resistant to ultraviolet rays and harsh weather conditions, making it particularly suitable for outdoor use. ASA boasts strong toughness, rigidity, and high impact resistance.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: NO
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 50
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 4300
  • Elongation(%): 30
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 88
  • Hardness Shore D: –

UL 94-V0

It possesses higher mechanical properties and is halogen-free, environmentally friendly, and flame retardant, achieving a UL94V-0 level flame retardancy. This makes the product more fireproof and safer.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.05
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 45
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 2400
  • Elongation(%): 30
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 85
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PLA-CF (Carbon fiber reinforced polylactic acid)

Carbon fibber reinforced PLA, stands out for its remarkable increase in stiffness and strength. This cutting-edge bio-polymer, when combined with recycled carbon fibber reinforcement, results in a higher mechanical properties

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.22
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 89
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 3950
  • Elongation(%): 3.2
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 55
  • Hardness Shore D: –

ABS-Like Resin

ABS-like resin excels in high precision, providing a smooth surface quality with exquisite detail features. Known for its superior forming dimensional stability, this resin is ideal for the assembly and testing of various engineering models. Achieving a perfect balance between tensile strength and hardness, it prevents brittleness with its high elongation at break, ensuring resistance to breaking.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.05-1.13
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 42-62
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 60-80
  • Elongation(%): 11-21
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): –
  • Hardness Shore D: 75-80

PAHT-CF (High temperature polyamide carbon fiber reinforced)

A composite of PA and carbon fibre, merges the low water absorption advantage of PA with the high-performance attributes of carbon fibre. This combination yields excellent mechanical and thermal properties that remain robust even in wet conditions. PA+CF is prized for its outstanding chemical resistance, low moisture absorption, and versatile processing capabilities.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.06
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 125
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 4230
  • Elongation(%): 1.8
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 194
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PET-CF (Carbon fiber reinforced polyethylene terephthalate)

PET-CF emerges as a superior choice over nylon for printing functional parts in high-humidity environments. Its high-temperature resistance and minimal warping make it ideal for crafting mechanical assembly parts, including automotive accessories and fixtures. In comparison to PETG-CF, PET-CF contains a higher concentration of carbon fibre, resulting in significantly greater strength and high temperature resistance.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.29
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 131
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 5320
  • Elongation(%): 1.2
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 205
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PEEK (Polyether ether ketone)

PEEK (polyetheretherketone) is a high-performance semi-crystalline industrial thermoplastic known for its exceptional resistance to harsh chemicals, minimal moisture absorption, excellent fire performance, superior mechanical strength over a wide temperature range, and reliable dimensional stability.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.29
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 100
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 4200
  • Elongation(%): 40
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 140
  • Hardness Shore D: –

PEI (Polyetherimide)

PEI is a high-performance industrial-grade thermoplastic known for its strength, durability, and low flammability. This versatile material finds applications in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, medicine, and dentistry.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: NO
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: NO

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.34
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 54
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 2170
  • Elongation(%): 3
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 158
  • Hardness Shore D: –

General Resin

General resin, known for its high rigidity, proves to be a versatile material ideal for both functional testing and rapid prototype.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: NO
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: NO
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.08-1.13
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 46-67
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 46-72
  • Elongation(%): 28-36
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): –
  • Hardness Shore D: 78-82

High Temp. Resin

High Temp Resin is characterized by high hardness, strength, modulus, and precision. It exhibits resistance to prolonged heating at 120°C or boiling at 100°C, showcasing excellent mechanical properties, weather resistance, and temperature resistance.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: NO

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.09-1.10
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 70-85
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 95-105
  • Elongation(%): 35-40
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 100.5
  • Hardness Shore D: 82-84

Hard-Tough Resin

This hard resin boasts higher toughness and impact resistance compared to standard ABS-like resin, making it exceptionally well-suited for mechanical prototypes.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.08-1.12
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 30-60
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 30-75
  • Elongation(%): 35-52
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 60
  • Hardness Shore D: 75-81

Nylon-Like Resin

Nylon-like resin is a high-strength material known for its excellent durability and long-term stability. It also boasts exceptional toughness and impact resistance.

Suitable for: SLA

Application

  • Prototype
  • End-User part

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: YES
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: YES
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: YES
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.05-1.15
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 68
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 35
  • Elongation(%): 15
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): –
  • Hardness Shore D: 75

PLA (Polylactic acid)

PLA is an environmentally friendly biopolymer-based material that is both stiff and easy to print. It is available in a wide variety of colours.

Suitable for: FDM

Application

  • Prototype

Application Fields

  • Aerospace: NO
  • Automotive: YES
  • Industrial Machinery: NO
  • Consumer Electronics: YES
  • Automation: YES
  • Medical: NO
  • Education Community: YES

Material Property

  • Density(g/cm3): 1.23
  • Tensile Strength(MPa): 60
  • Flex Modulus(MPa): 1973
  • Elongation(%): 20
  • Heat Distortion Temp(°C): 53
  • Hardness Shore D: –